[collection name]: Lin Liang
Collection category: calligraphy and painting
[introduction to collection]: Lin Liang (1428-1494), a famous painter of Ming Dynasty, was born in Nanhai (now Guangzhou). He is good at painting flowers, fruits and feathers. His ink bird, tree and stone, inherited the Southern Song Dynasty courtyard style painting school's indulgent and simple brushwork, vigorous and flying, cursive style, flexible ink color, is the representative writer of Ming Dynasty courtyard style flower and bird painting, and the founder of Ming Dynasty freehand brushwork painting school. Works handed down from generation to generation include the painting of gathering birds with shrubs, the painting of white plumage of Camellia, the painting of double eagles, etc.
During the hundred years from Hongwu to Hongzhi in the early Ming Dynasty, the court paintings of the Royal Academy dominated the painting world. The characteristics of the times and the formation of style are mainly reflected in Xuande, Chenghua and Hongzhi dynasties. In particular, the flower and bird painting broke through the "courtyard style" program, and appeared a variety of styles, such as fine brushwork and heavy color, ink freehand brushwork, color without bone and so on. Among them, Lin Liang is the pioneer of freehand brushwork. He created the "literati painting" of freehand brushwork of flowers and birds, which brought new vitality to the "courtyard style" of flowers and birds in Ming Dynasty. Even before Ming Dynasty, there were also freehand brushwork flowers and birds, but the main form was gouran, and the "courtyard style" flowers and birds in Song Dynasty still maintained a great influence in Yuan Dynasty.
The freehand brushwork of flowers and birds in Ming Dynasty was initiated by Lin Liang, and then came one after another, such as Shen Zhou, Chen Chun and Xu Wei. They gradually pushed the freehand brushwork to a new level, and became the most popular and successful form of flowers and birds in Ming Dynasty, and finally merged the grand style of freehand brushwork of flowers and birds in Ming and Qing Dynasties. Lin Liang undoubtedly played a leading role. He is an indispensable figure in the history of flower and bird painting. It is 121cm long and 61cm wide. The birds with different postures, such as flying, singing, drinking and pecking, are solid in shape, plump in wings, distinct in layers, real and vivid. And the Phoenix is the first bird, elegant. High collection value!